A condition which can affect men and women. The image offers a guide, although individual symptoms may appear a little different.
Often known by the acronym EMPD, extramammary paget disease is a form of cancer which arises in the upper layer of skin. The name comes from similarities in appearance to mammary Paget disease, on the breasts.
In the case of EMPD, symptoms most often appear in the armpits, anal, or genital areas and can be taken as signs of eczema. A series, of itchy, to a degree burning lesions, commonly made worse by scratching.
Pain and surface bleeding can occur, followed by the lesions forming into a red, crusty overlay. Correct diagnosis before, or as soon as possible after this stage is a valuable step, although such a rare condition can be misdiagnosed.
EMPD & Confocal Microscopy
As EMPD appears similar to several other skin diseases, a biopsy and microscopic analysis is normally used. This is intended to detect Paget cells, along with other signs, although care is needed to distinguish them from early melanoma.
A more modern technique called reflectance confocal microscopy has been tested as a diagnostic alternative. Clinical research to date offers sound results, especially for recurrent, or persistent EMPD.
Confocal microscopy is also helpful in mapping the affected area at different stages. Improving outcome, by reducing rates of incomplete excision from a conventional approach and rates of recurrence.
Whilst a biopsy could still be needed, confocal microscopy may avoid this, in sensitive areas. As one of the few clinics in the UK to offer the technique, Skin Care network naturally make confocal microscopy available.
Although EMPD is not dangerous in the sense that melanoma is, there can be serious cases, or links to other cancers and the condition is debilitating. Using suitable diagnostic tools makes sense and leads to correct ongoing care.
Treatment For EMPD
Treatment should reflect your individual condition. There can be cases where topical treatments will help, perhaps laser ablation, or photodynamic therapy.
A form of surgery known as wide local excision is a more common answer, although as with diagnosis, there are alternatives. A specialist approach called Mohs surgery may be a useful choice, which minimises tissue loss.
Treatment for extramammary paget disease should also include follow up examinations at regular, although reducing intervals. EMPD is by nature a recurrent disease and catching a return early avoids in depth treatment.
The latest techniques and a good understanding of EMPD can still see this gone, skin cancer treatment has advanced in recent years. If you would like to arrange a consultation, or talk to knowledgeable staff for advice, please get in touch.